We conduct research in order to assemble and disseminate scientific knowledge with the aim of finding solutions to various climate change problems.
We implement research with an emphasis on observing the global variation in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, clarifying historical climate change and predicting future change, as well as assessing the global impact of climate change risks. We also study international adaptation and mitigation policies.
Based on comprehensive model analysis from integrated observations using ground-based observations sites, ships, aircraft and satellite, with an emphasis on Southeast Asia, we seek to clarify the characteristics of the changes in concentration of greenhouse gases, which are known to cause global warming. In doing so, we not only gain knowledge about changes in anthropogenic emissions and natural sinks, but also contribute to improving the accuracy of projections of future GHG concentrations and climate change impacts.
Based on the results of projections on climate change and its impacts made by NIES and other research institutes, we interpret the projections and conduct research which will assist in providing appropriate risk information. We also undertake research on global scale modeling with an emphasis on various terrestrial elements, and perform integrated analysis of climate change impacts on these elements as well as those factors that limit the efficacy of climate change policies. Furthermore, in addition to collating the available knowledge on climate change impacts and the cost-effectiveness of countermeasures such as adaptation and geo-engineering, we also carry out research on risk management policy.
Moving towards a low-carbon society, we aim to propose mid- and long-term visions, scenarios and policy options which will become necessary in the future, not only for Japan, but also for Asia and the rest of the world. For this purpose, we analyze different assessment schemes for domestic and international political frameworks, and develop an integrated assessment model for quantification of future scenarios on climate change mitigation and adaptation. We also conduct analysis of major countries' decision making processes and international negotiations relating to climate change policies.